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Home >> Countries
Map of Europe
Country
Austria
Short Description
Country Map Austria, officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich), is a landlocked country of roughly 8.47 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The territory of Austria covers 83,855 square kilometres (32,377 sq mi) and has a temperate and alpine climate. Austria's terrain is highly mountainous due to the presence of the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 metres (1,640 ft), and its highest point is 3,798 metres (12,461 ft). The majority of the population speak local Austro-Bavarian dialects of German as their native language, and German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other local official languages are Burgenland Croatian, Hungarian and Slovene.

The origins of modern-day Austria date back to the time of the Habsburg dynasty when the vast majority of the country was a part of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. During the 17th and 18th centuries, Austria became one of the great powers of Europe and, in response to the coronation of Napoleon I as the Emperor of the French, the Austrian Empire was officially proclaimed in 1804. In 1867, the Austrian Empire was reformed into Austria-Hungary.

After the collapse of the Habsburg (Austro-Hungarian) Empire in 1918 at the end of World War I, Austria adopted and used the name the Republic of German Austria („Deutschösterreich”, later „Österreich”) in an attempt for union with Germany, but was forbidden due to the Treaty of Saint Germain. The First Austrian Republic was established in 1919. In the 1938 Anschluss, Austria was occupied and annexed by Nazi Germany. This lasted until the end of World War II in 1945, after which Nazi Germany was occupied by the Allies and Austria's former democratic constitution was restored. In 1955, the Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state, ending the occupation. In the same year, the Austrian Parliament created the Declaration of Neutrality which declared that the Second Austrian Republic would become permanently neutral.

Today, Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy comprising nine federal states. The capital and largest city, with a population exceeding 1.7 million, is Vienna. Austria is one of the richest countries in the world, with a nominal per capita GDP of $48,350 (2011 est.). The country has developed a high standard of living and in 2011 was ranked 19th in the world for its Human Development Index. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, joined the European Union in 1995, and is a founder of the OECD. Austria also signed the Schengen Agreement in 1995, and adopted the European currency, the Euro, in 1999.

(Source: Wikipedia)
Wikipedia Link http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austria
Wikitravel Link http://wikitravel.org/en/Austria
Geographical Facts
Population 8 415 000
Area 83 855 km² / 32 377 mil²
Drives on the Right
Calling Code 43
Time Zones UTC+01:00
Political Situation
Member of the EU yes
Member of the Schengen Aea yes
Official Languages German
Description None
Medical Situation
Recommended Vaccination
RoutineHepatitis B
Additional Information http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/austria.htm
Voltages / Frequency
230 V 50
Currency
NameEuro
UnitEUR
SubunitsCent
ISO4217EUR
Other Names-
Wikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euro
Symbol
Subunit Symbolc
Cruise Line Cruise Name Days Total
A-RosaChristmas & New Year Celebrations15
Danube Cataracts11
Danube Christmas Markets8
Danube Delta from Bucharest12
Danube Delta from Passau11
Romance on the Danube11
Waltzing along the Danube12
Ama WaterwaysBlack Sea Voyage15
Blue Danube Discovery14
Christmas Time Cruise11
Grand Danube Cruise23
Magnificent Europe16
Magnificent Europe (Christmas Cruise)16
Melodies of the Danube12
North Sea to the Black Sea27
The Legendary Danube12
The Romantic Danube12
Ultimate River Cruise21
Avalon WaterwaysA Taste of the Danube: Budapest - Vienna8
A Taste of the Danube: Vienna - Budapest8
Austrian Highlights & Bavaria9
Blue Danube to the Black Sea14
Capitals of Central Europe 201410
Capitals of Central Europe: Budapest to Prague 201512
Capitals of Central Europe: Prague to Budapest 201510
Christmastime in Germany & Austria12
Christmastime on the Danube9
European Splendor13
Grand Christmastime Cruise16
Grand Danube Cruise18
Highlights of Germany13
Jewels of Central Europe: Budapest to Paris19
Jewels of Central Europe: Budapest to Paris 201519
Jewels of Central Europe: Paris to Budapest17
Jewels of Central Europe: Paris to Budapest 201517
Magnificent Europe15
North Sea - Black Sea Cruise24
The Blue Danube Discovery13
The Legendary Danube11
The Upper Rhine to the City of Music12
Emerald WaterwaysChristmas Markets for Europe15
Classic Prague and Danube Delights11
Danube Delight8
Splendours of Europe15
Gate1 Travel9 Day Danube River Cruise9
Grand Circle TravelChristmas Markets along the Danube8
Grand European Cruise28
Old World Prague & the Blue Danube13
The Great Rivers of Europe16
Lueftner CruisesAcross Europe15
Beautiful Blue Danube15
Best of Europe13
Christmas Cruise from Passau7
Classical Danube Cruise8
Classical Danube Cruise (from Passau)8
Classical Music on the Danube8
Danube Rhapsody8
Magic of Advent on the Danube7
New Year's Eve Cruise on the Danube7
Prague & Danube10
Scenic ToursGems of the Danube8
Grand Europe24
Jewels of Europe15
TauckAmsterdam to Budapest15
Blue Danube: Family Riverboat Adventure8
Christmas Markets along the Danube8
Danube Reflections10
Grand European Cruise24
Musical Magic along the Blue Danube12
The Blue Danube12
Uniworld Boutique River CruisesDanube Discovery & Prague10
Danube Holiday Markets8
Delightful Danube & Prague10
Enchanting Christmas & New Year's Cruise11
Enchanting Danube8
European Holiday Markets8
European Jewels15
European Serenade14
Grand Christmas & New Year's Cruise13
Grand Danube & Prague17
Grand European Discovery15
Grand European Explorer19
Grand European Highlights22
Grand European River Voyage27
Highlights of Eastern Europe8
Imperial Capitals of Europe16
Paris & the Heart of Europe18
Vantage Deluxe World TravelDanube Holiday River Cruise feat. Prague12
Grand European River Cruise: Rhine Valley to the Black Sea26
Majestic Rivers of Europe: Castles, Cathedrals & Fairytales15
Romance of the Blue Danube11
Viking River CruisesDanube Waltz8
European Sojourn23
Grand European Tour15
Grand Rivers of Europe22
Romantic Danube8