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Home >> Countries
Map of Europe
Country
Czech Republic
Short Description
Country Map The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Germany to the west, Poland to the north, Austria to the south and Slovakia to the east. Its capital and largest city, at 1.3 million inhabitants, is Prague.

The Czech state, formerly known as Bohemia, was formed in the late 9th century as a small duchy around Prague, at that time under dominance of the powerful Great Moravian Empire (which reached its greatest territorial extent during the reign of Svatopluk I from the House of Mojmír). After the fall of the Empire in 907, the centre of power was transferred from Moravia to Bohemia, under the Přemyslids. During the rule of Přemyslid dukes/kings and their successors, the Luxembourgs, the country reached its greatest territorial extent (13th–14th century). Life in the country was significantly affected by the Hussite wars, during which it faced economic embargo and crusades from all over Europe. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the Crown of Bohemia was gradually integrated into the Habsburg monarchy as one of its three principal parts alongside the Archduchy of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary. The Bohemian Revolt (1618–20) led to the further centralization of the monarchy including forced recatholization and Germanization. During radical reforms in the 18th century the Bohemian Crown was even de facto abolished (1749). In the 19th century the Czech lands became the industrial powerhouse of the monarchy and the core of the Republic of Czechoslovakia which was formed in 1918, following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian empire after World War I.

After the Munich Agreement, Polish annexation of Zaolzie and German occupation of Czechoslovakia and the consequent disillusion with the Western response and gratitude for the liberation of the major portion of Czechoslovakia by the Red Army, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia won the majority in the 1946 elections. In a 1948 coup d'état, Czechoslovakia became a communist-ruled state. In 1968, the increasing dissatisfaction culminated in attempts to reform the communist regime. The events, known as the Prague Spring of 1968, ended with an invasion by the armies of the Warsaw Pact countries (with the exception of Romania); the troops remained in the country until the 1989 Velvet Revolution, when the communist regime collapsed. On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved into its constituent states, the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.

The Czech Republic is the first former member of the Comecon to achieve the status of a developed country according to the World Bank.[8] In addition, the country has the highest human development in Central and Eastern Europe, ranking as a "Very High Human Development" nation. It is also ranked as the third most peaceful country in Europe and most democratic and healthy (by infant mortality) country in the region.

It is a pluralist multi-party parliamentary representative democracy, a member of the European Union, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the Council of Europe and the Visegrád Group.

(Source: Wikipedia)
Wikipedia Link http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Czech_Republic
Wikitravel Link http://wikitravel.org/en/Czech_Republic
Geographical Facts
Population 10 535 000
Area 78 866 km² / 30 450 mil²
Drives on the Right
Calling Code 420
Time Zones UTC+01:00
Political Situation
Member of the EU yes
Member of the Schengen Aea yes
Official Languages Czech, Slovak
Description Applied for the EUR in 2012 but stepped back.
Medical Situation
Recommended Vaccination
RoutineHepatitis A or immune globulin (IG)
Hepatitis B
Additional Information http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/czech-republic.htm
Voltages / Frequency
230 V 50
Currency
NameCzech Crown
UnitCZK
SubunitsHaler
ISO4217CZK
Other NamesCzech Koruna
Wikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Czech_koruna
Symbol
Subunit Symbolh
Cruise Line Cruise Name Days Total
Ama WaterwaysBlue Danube Discovery14
Christmas Time Cruise11
Europes Rivers & Castles14
Grand Danube Cruise23
Melodies of the Danube12
The Legendary Danube12
The Romantic Danube12
Treasures of the Main & Rhine11
Avalon WaterwaysCapitals of Central Europe 201410
Capitals of Central Europe: Budapest to Prague 201512
Capitals of Central Europe: Prague to Budapest 201510
Central European Experience 201412
Central European Experience 201512
Christmas in the Heart of Germany 20148
Christmas in the Heart of Germany 20158
Christmastime in Germany12
Christmastime on the Danube9
European Splendor13
Grand Danube Cruise18
Jewels of Central Europe: Budapest to Paris19
Jewels of Central Europe: Budapest to Paris 201519
Jewels of Central Europe: Paris to Budapest17
Jewels of Central Europe: Paris to Budapest 201517
Magnificent Europe15
North Sea - Black Sea Cruise24
The Blue Danube Discovery13
The Legendary Danube11
The Upper Rhine to the City of Music12
Emerald WaterwaysChristmas Markets for Europe15
Classic Prague and Danube Delights11
Danube Delight8
Splendours of Europe15
Grand Circle TravelEssence of the Elbe13
Essence of the Elbe - President Cruise13
Old World Prague & the Blue Danube13
Lueftner CruisesBest of Europe13
Prague & Danube10
Scenic ToursGems of the Danube8
Grand Europe24
Jewels of Europe15
TauckDanube Reflections10
Musical Magic along the Blue Danube12
The Blue Danube12
Uniworld Boutique River CruisesDanube Discovery & Prague10
Delightful Danube & Prague10
Grand Danube & Prague17
Grand European Explorer19
Rhine Discovery & Prague10
Vantage Deluxe World TravelCruising the Elbe River: Berlin, Dresden & Prague13
Danube Holiday River Cruise feat. Prague12
Grand European River Cruise: Rhine Valley to the Black Sea26
Majestic Rivers of Europe: Castles, Cathedrals & Fairytales15
Viking River CruisesCities of Light12
Elegant Elbe10